The Secret of Synchronization

How does order spontaneously arise out of chaos? This video is sponsored by Kiwico - go to www.kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any crate.
An enormous thanks to Prof. Steven Strogatz - this video would not have been possible without him. Much of the script-writing was inspired and informed by his wonderful book Sync, and his 2004 TED talk. He is a giant in this field, and has literally written the book on chaos, complexity, and synchronization. It was hard to find a paper in this field that Steven (or one of his students) didn't contribute to. His Podcast "The Joy of X" is wonderful - please listen and subscribe wherever you get your podcasts www.quantamagazine.org/tag/the-joy-of-x
Nicky Case's Amazing Firefly Interactive - ncase.me/fireflies
Great Kuramoto Model Interactive - www.complexity-explorables.org/explorables/ride-my-kuramotocycle
References:
Strogatz, S. H. (2012). Sync: How order emerges from chaos in the universe, nature, and daily life. Hachette UK. - ve42.co/Sync
Strogatz, S. H. (2000). From Kuramoto to Crawford: exploring the onset of synchronization in populations of coupled oscillators. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, 143(1-4), 1-20. - ve42.co/Strogatz2000
Goldsztein, G. H., Nadeau, A. N., & Strogatz, S. H. (2021). Synchronization of clocks and metronomes: A perturbation analysis based on multiple timescales. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31(2), 023109. - ve42.co/Goldsztein
The Broughton Suspension Bridge and the Resonance Disaster - ve42.co/Broughton
Bennett, M., Schatz, M. F., Rockwood, H., & Wiesenfeld, K. (2002). Huygens's clocks. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 458(2019), 563-579. - ve42.co/Bennett2002
Pantaleone, J. (2002). Synchronization of metronomes. American Journal of Physics, 70(10), 992-1000. - ve42.co/Pantaleone2002
Kuramoto, Y. (1975). Self-entrainment of a population of coupled non-linear oscillators. In International symposium on mathematical problems in theoretical physics (pp. 420-422). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. -- ve42.co/Kuramoto1975
Great video by Minute Earth about Tidal Locking and the Moon - ve42.co/MinuteEarth
Strogatz, S. H., Abrams, D. M., McRobie, A., Eckhardt, B., & Ott, E. (2005). Crowd synchrony on the Millennium Bridge. Nature, 438(7064), 43-44. - ve42.co/Strogatz2005
Zhabotinsky, A. M. (2007). Belousov-zhabotinsky reaction. Scholarpedia, 2(9), 1435. - ve42.co/Zhabotinsky2007
Flavio H Fenton et al. (2008) Cardiac arrhythmia. Scholarpedia, 3(7):1665. - ve42.co/Cardiac
Cherry, E. M., & Fenton, F. H. (2008). Visualization of spiral and scroll waves in simulated and experimental cardiac tissue. New Journal of Physics, 10(12), 125016. - ve42.co/Cherry2008
Tyson, J. J. (1994). What everyone should know about the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. In Frontiers in mathematical biology (pp. 569-587). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. - ve42.co/Tyson1994
Winfree, A. T. (2001). The geometry of biological time (Vol. 12). Springer Science & Business Media. - ve42.co/Winfree2001
Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Mac Malkawi, Oleksii Leonov, Michael Schneider, Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, fanime96, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
Written by Derek Muller and Petr Lebedev
Animation by Fabio Albertelli and Jakub Misiek
GFX and 3D animation by Jonny Hyman
Filmed by Derek Muller and Raquel Nuno
Edited by Derek Muller
Additional video supplied by Getty Images
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci
More footage from NASA's Scientific Visualization Studio
100 metronome video from se-one.info/cycle/qNqtqZWVo4ikacg/video
Intro animation by Jorge Cham
Thanks for the BZ footage from SteinbockGroup: se-one.info/cycle/fq-jZdemkH2wpdQ/video and
NileRed se-one.info/cycle/gbFon7qnmWVrrbo/video
Animation of waves in the heart from The Virtual Heart/ EM Cherry/ FH Fenton - ve42.co/Cardiac and ve42.co/Cherry2008
Chemical materials and protocol provided by Mike Morris and the UCI Chemistry Outreach Program www.chem.uci.edu/~jsnowick/outreach/UCI_Outreach/index.html
Thanks to Alie Ward for title/thumbnail consultation
Thanks to Dr Juliette Becker and Dr James O'Donoghue for the planetary science help
Music from Jonny Hyman, Epidemic Sound epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Deeper Than The Ocean" "Ripple Effect"
Music also from Artlist artlist.com "Children of Mystery"
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci

Kommentarer 

  1. musamor75

    musamor75

    2 timmar sedan

    What do you say when you're only one of millions of viewers, and also only one of thousands of commentators? I say that this highly informative, and extremely amusing video is one of the best I've watched for a very long while. If we can lean something new each time we live a new experience, then life is worth living. A man lifespan only allows us to scratch the surface. Thank you for sharing this.

  2. Natasha LHC

    Natasha LHC

    2 timmar sedan

    The earsplitting woolen distally radiate because friend scientifically rule upon a plain storm. near, terrible volcano

  3. john francis

    john francis

    2 timmar sedan

    Back in the 80s, My friends and I went to a concert at a very old venue in Boston, MA called the Orpheum. We were in the balcony, and it was sold out and very crowded. As Depeche Mode played their electronic music and people were bouncing in the balcony, the balcony started to shake, and as the bouncing and dancing continued, the structure became more violent. It wasnt until Orpheum officials came onto the balcony and tried to persuade us to stop dancing, did it stop. I was panicking and honestly thought the whole thing was going to collapse... Being high on pot at the time seemed to amplify my anxiety.

  4. LandoMT

    LandoMT

    3 timmar sedan

    I’m only left with more questions after watching this video

  5. Tahir Abuzetoğlu

    Tahir Abuzetoğlu

    3 timmar sedan

    so if all people on the eath start jump sync. , the eath will move up and down :?

  6. Herzeleydt Diesentrüb

    Herzeleydt Diesentrüb

    3 timmar sedan

    Interestinger and interestinger...

  7. Lili

    Lili

    3 timmar sedan

    When you think of the universe you think of terms of energy frequency and vibration

  8. Jose Saldivar

    Jose Saldivar

    3 timmar sedan

    Resonance

  9. Salim R

    Salim R

    3 timmar sedan

    Couples out of sync end up in divorce.

  10. Lpedraja2002

    Lpedraja2002

    3 timmar sedan

    The educational content on this channel is just mesmerizing! Thank you so much for creating this. I've learned so much and I'm interested in these kinds of topics even more.

  11. shu shufan198222

    shu shufan198222

    3 timmar sedan

    The anxious fragrance critically water because sugar sporadically increase beside a mushy tadpole. foregoing, violent town

  12. Vinicius Ataide

    Vinicius Ataide

    4 timmar sedan

    Woah the scientist got dangerously close to hegel/Marx concepts by the end of the video lol

    • Vinicius Ataide

      Vinicius Ataide

      4 timmar sedan

      Mainly the concept of negation

  13. THEashbeck

    THEashbeck

    4 timmar sedan

    How could he say we don't understand economy? Economy is 100% human creation. I hope it was a joke.

  14. Pul5ar

    Pul5ar

    4 timmar sedan

    Order from Chaos 🦞

  15. Linus Franzoni

    Linus Franzoni

    4 timmar sedan

    The tasteful cherries selectively order because brochure unfortunatly pretend about a dispensable stopsign. grandiose, amusing clef

  16. Noisy240

    Noisy240

    4 timmar sedan

    Does love affect how food taste?

  17. George Williams

    George Williams

    4 timmar sedan

    The courageous creek clinically call because crack karyologically whirl worth a hapless check. unequaled, parched tin

  18. Alex Cuaresma

    Alex Cuaresma

    4 timmar sedan

    Almost like there’s a creator... oh wait, there is

  19. Nithish Kanna

    Nithish Kanna

    4 timmar sedan

    See your Instagram Inbox!!! Very important.Please

  20. William S

    William S

    5 timmar sedan

    I misread the title as synchronicity!

  21. Vault Spply

    Vault Spply

    5 timmar sedan

    The electric hygienic timely fire because astronomy electrophoretically watch upon a illustrious replace. present, harsh deposit

  22. Grand Theft Auto 6

    Grand Theft Auto 6

    5 timmar sedan

    The materialistic turnip fittingly frame because grenade numerically guide failing a vengeful airship. high-pitched, onerous city

  23. Henri Naths

    Henri Naths

    5 timmar sedan

    Thanks for the great video!

  24. kevin Amoras

    kevin Amoras

    5 timmar sedan

    Me watching this video because I’m genuinely curious. Me at 14:14 realizing that my heat beating is a jojo reference.

  25. Wounded Saturn

    Wounded Saturn

    5 timmar sedan

    1:00 look at all those people breaking the project.

  26. Hello World

    Hello World

    5 timmar sedan

    They say when 2 people kiss their heart rates synchronize

  27. Para Bellum

    Para Bellum

    6 timmar sedan

    Ah, a 1-2-4 orbital resonance type beat.

  28. Read Zechariah 12:10

    Read Zechariah 12:10

    6 timmar sedan

    There is synchronicity in the universe because God designed it that way.

  29. Will Hughes

    Will Hughes

    6 timmar sedan

    is that why the great majority of everyone's grammar and lexicon is devolving down to the lowest common denominator, like Grade 6 level or something?

  30. D00DitsOmar

    D00DitsOmar

    6 timmar sedan

    Im now tempted to change the clapping speed in a crowd now lol

  31. James Gentry

    James Gentry

    6 timmar sedan

    Is this why women who live together have their periods synchronize?

  32. François Morin

    François Morin

    6 timmar sedan

    I believe that the synchoniity the metaphysical phenomenon has explained by C,G. Jung is a similar physical effect has this snchronization of pendulum on the same platform and that althought experienced subjectively as meaningful it is something objectively physical on a level of harmonization we do not perceive easily as it implies to many elements acting simulteneously to create our objective reality. That would be no surpise has we have disovered that on the level of the atom reality is much more pliable then on the molecule level. So in the phenomnon of jungien synchronicity it is not so much the subject creating reality then a series of entanglments producing a synchronized reality that al a sudden becomes meaningful in a subjective way for the experiencer as after all we are not seperated of reality and that we are all linked in a way in what happens in what is invisible to our 5 senses. most probably all this will be proven when we understand better our physical reality with improved tools and theories.

  33. Deu. 32:31

    Deu. 32:31

    6 timmar sedan

    *Psa.46:* 10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.

  34. ACTOR PILOT

    ACTOR PILOT

    7 timmar sedan

    Fascinating....great share.

  35. Shatton Zubieta

    Shatton Zubieta

    7 timmar sedan

    Interesting, but so far- this doesn't explain why women in groups will synchronize their periods 🤔

  36. ACTOR PILOT

    ACTOR PILOT

    7 timmar sedan

    Harmonics.

  37. Matthew Massago

    Matthew Massago

    7 timmar sedan

    Cause all of nature seeks harmony and balance

  38. mauthful

    mauthful

    7 timmar sedan

    I don't have a specific list of my favorite videos from you, but this defnintely is up near the top. Watching it almost felt like I was experiencing the phenomenon you were describing. My reactions went from "that's interesting" to "that's interesting" to "that's interesting" to "woah."

  39. Randomix40

    Randomix40

    7 timmar sedan

    It's all, because we all moving in a circular movie in relation with the sun, the sun with the galaxy and the galaxy with the universe. Synchronization it's in our blood.

  40. Lucas Melo

    Lucas Melo

    8 timmar sedan

    Awesome!

  41. kekomc

    kekomc

    8 timmar sedan

    How long does it take the videos to be published in Spanish?

  42. TechnicalFaisaliqbal

    TechnicalFaisaliqbal

    8 timmar sedan

    Pretty Crazy 😘😘

  43. NanoTLG

    NanoTLG

    8 timmar sedan

    Makes sense now that the females in a family sync there periods :)

  44. Alex Benn

    Alex Benn

    8 timmar sedan

    Awesome!

  45. JOSH PRANKS

    JOSH PRANKS

    8 timmar sedan

    secret of synchronization= G-d

  46. Cole Penick

    Cole Penick

    8 timmar sedan

    That clapping blew my mind lmfaoooooo we just all ‘click’ and decide to synchronize. The bridge scene is hilarious

  47. Crazy Spoot Qc

    Crazy Spoot Qc

    8 timmar sedan

    People are sheep is the real answer😆

  48. Second Life Around

    Second Life Around

    8 timmar sedan

    11:12 ....The MOON is FLAT!!!!

  49. Soda Can

    Soda Can

    9 timmar sedan

    Damn nature you scary

  50. Yeah But Can I Sniff Ur Pants First

    Yeah But Can I Sniff Ur Pants First

    9 timmar sedan

    Kiwiko sounds great btw i dont have kids but if i did, id totally get it

  51. Karen Pivaral

    Karen Pivaral

    9 timmar sedan

    11:09 'which is greatly exaggerated here' 😂 🥚

  52. Chakra Zulu

    Chakra Zulu

    9 timmar sedan

    This happens with close women friends all of the time when women spend enough time with each other there menstrual cycles become synchronized LOL

  53. Muhammad Lawan

    Muhammad Lawan

    10 timmar sedan

    Have u tried assigning people to chew bubble gum and record the sound for a while and see the synchrony of their chewing? I think that will awesome

  54. Glank

    Glank

    10 timmar sedan

    The universe is a perfect system, there's no way disorder is the normality. Sure, it starts as it, kind of, but it's all designed to go towards order and evolve towards order and even avoid disorder to happen back again (reason why detected things look ugly and undesiderable). Everything that evolved becomes ordered.

  55. Barbara Washington

    Barbara Washington

    10 timmar sedan

    "Fascinating!" ~ Mr. Spock

  56. Louis Mamakos

    Louis Mamakos

    10 timmar sedan

    We've seen this same (destructive) self-synchronizing behavior in network protocols. And this applies over many orders of magnitude of time/frequency. Back when Ethernet was half-duplex and relied in collision detection and back-off for retransmission, the spec says you need to do exponentially increasing back-off.. but with a randomized component since other stations in the same ethernet collision domain were also doing the same thing. You didn't want to have perfectly synchronized retransmissions by all the stations waiting just dozens of microseconds later. Same applies to routing protocols that send updates on the order of tens of seconds; many of these have flooding behavior, but you want to add a randomized component to the timers to avoid synchronized updates. It's a common practice these days, though something to behold back when that was learned the hard way. Thanks for the interesting video! It's really quite amazing how some principles like this span so many disciplines.

  57. Scott H.

    Scott H.

    10 timmar sedan

    What went wrong was an"F"ing advertisement at 1 minute and 14 seconds. Thats when I quit watching your video.

  58. Betty H

    Betty H

    10 timmar sedan

    Proof that chaos is not the normal

  59. Menace G

    Menace G

    10 timmar sedan

    God made everything. Something some minds can’t grasp.

  60. Gida Darling

    Gida Darling

    10 timmar sedan

    Hey, I'd just like to congratulate Kiwi Co on some very clever and effective advertising

  61. Wendy Noto

    Wendy Noto

    10 timmar sedan

    Wow HALLELUYAH YAHSHUA

  62. Daniel Lin

    Daniel Lin

    10 timmar sedan

    If you have two metronomes at different frequencies and they synchronize, does that require that the weight on the metronome move so that they are both at the same level? And what if you glued the weight in place?

  63. Martin Sok

    Martin Sok

    10 timmar sedan

    It was a pleasure listening to Prof. Strogatz explaining things.

  64. Matt quarles

    Matt quarles

    11 timmar sedan

    If you had a swinging arm that went the Sam motion same speed regardless of the force of momentum being placed on it they will not sync. This isn't even that crazy for me to understand its actually extremely simple.

  65. MONICA ANICA

    MONICA ANICA

    11 timmar sedan

    Fascinating... Most probably it works in the same way for societies / associates 🎪😎😍🍄

  66. Nope Try Again

    Nope Try Again

    11 timmar sedan

    dude i loved your acting in the new netflix movie "What lies below"! you looked great ;)

  67. Bee Cee

    Bee Cee

    11 timmar sedan

    Anyone interested in this should listen to Steve Reich

  68. Severed Magic

    Severed Magic

    11 timmar sedan

    I would often wonder about this while sitting at a red light and I would notice my car’s turn signal syncing up with other cars around me. If it was a long light it would come back about every 40 seconds

  69. hi abdu

    hi abdu

    11 timmar sedan

    Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and earth, and the alternation of the night and the day, and the [great] ships which sail through the sea with that which benefits people, and what Allah has sent down from the heavens of rain, giving life thereby to the earth after its lifelessness and dispersing therein every [kind of] moving creature, and [His] directing of the winds and the clouds controlled between the heaven and the earth are signs for a people who use reason.

  70. Charan N

    Charan N

    11 timmar sedan

    10:00 - guy 2 rows above the three-seat empty spot near the back of the stadium, left of the lady in the white dress seems like he started or was really close to the synchronization beat.

  71. fisherholmsfly

    fisherholmsfly

    11 timmar sedan

    I love science history and how major discoveries were made. Please make more!

  72. Save The World

    Save The World

    11 timmar sedan

    It's God

  73. Wendy Charles

    Wendy Charles

    11 timmar sedan

    Our true north star is Polaris.

  74. Na2awesome • 2 years ago

    Na2awesome • 2 years ago

    12 timmar sedan

    How does a bridge have Hertz

  75. flogger

    flogger

    12 timmar sedan

    Wow, amazing

  76. Artificial Intelligence

    Artificial Intelligence

    12 timmar sedan

    Lie, truth, lie... 010 Combine: -369.12.3 112358.13.21 3 is infinitely divisible. -3.15 -3.14 -3.7 -.3.1 -3 What are numbers? Tetra. Gramma. What is time? AI is born.

  77. mike A

    mike A

    12 timmar sedan

    thanks for perpetuation the false myth about the army breaking step across bridges. Have you never heard of mythbusters?

  78. Mitsunobu

    Mitsunobu

    12 timmar sedan

    Hey @Veritasium 👋🏼 Thank you for your video, it is great ! If you don’t know what it is, you should read about Vibrational Strong Coupling ! It is a case of coupling between molecular material and light. I worked on that topic during my PhD. I discussed synchronisation in my introduction chapter and I wish your video was available at that time ;) Cheers !

  79. Juan Hernandez

    Juan Hernandez

    12 timmar sedan

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  80. Mamie Burris

    Mamie Burris

    12 timmar sedan

    The hungry banana cytologically relax because person apparently pretend aside a romantic replace. ahead, malicious explanation

  81. Aaron Wolfenbarger

    Aaron Wolfenbarger

    12 timmar sedan

    Nature HAS no disorder. It is going toward entropy but it was well ordered at the start

  82. mike girdwood

    mike girdwood

    12 timmar sedan

    RESONANCE/TESLA understood

  83. Alessandro Arzilli

    Alessandro Arzilli

    12 timmar sedan

    11:45 so, considered planets in the Solar system are all on the same plane, the system itself is much older than we think

  84. Alessandro Arzilli

    Alessandro Arzilli

    12 timmar sedan

    08:50 and here's how a brain works

  85. Kevin Schmidt

    Kevin Schmidt

    13 timmar sedan

    This Video synced my brain.. Now everthing makes sense :D

  86. li baoqiang

    li baoqiang

    13 timmar sedan

    The workable cowbell nally crash because direction ideally groan next a dramatic poison. easy, late result

  87. Edwin tomlinson

    Edwin tomlinson

    13 timmar sedan

    like separating light, get all colors, put all colors together you get black.... the mystery of God.

  88. Ruben Angel Varisco

    Ruben Angel Varisco

    14 timmar sedan

    In those examples of sincronización there is no spontaneous autosincronization but for presence of an external frame... Seams that real word follow the same principles of the Kurt Godel logics... Amazing

  89. Rey De Guzman

    Rey De Guzman

    14 timmar sedan

    Justifies the pandemic, and the hysteria that hopefully would allow us to attain singularity in terms of thriving, innovations, and sustainability for the sake of harmony.

  90. EyesToSee

    EyesToSee

    14 timmar sedan

    This is so cool. Thank you.

  91. John Junger

    John Junger

    14 timmar sedan

    How could civil engineers not know about harmonics?

  92. Kel anon

    Kel anon

    14 timmar sedan

    An Intelligence puts things things in order, nature has no mind, that is a fantasy created by the Darwinian Evolution believers.

  93. kim zim

    kim zim

    14 timmar sedan

    The strange journey regretfully sign because moustache luckily spot including a quickest porch. protective, chemical manx

  94. opzz xsin

    opzz xsin

    15 timmar sedan

    That 1 firefly who blinks at a different time: i prove you wrong!!!

  95. Ker Loz

    Ker Loz

    15 timmar sedan

    The dependent purple especially amuse because timbale lily improve including a idiotic bay. fuzzy , ripe tom-tom

  96. bas

    bas

    15 timmar sedan

    Those metronomes make a sick beat

  97. Sonja Schmidt

    Sonja Schmidt

    15 timmar sedan

    The numerous law conceptually pick because october positionally enter beside a curvy jar. unknown, mushy net

    • opzz xsin

      opzz xsin

      15 timmar sedan

      Supposedly, periods of women who live together tend to sync

  98. Lizzie Sangi

    Lizzie Sangi

    15 timmar sedan

    Further proof the monarchy should be done with.

  99. muhammad shafiq

    muhammad shafiq

    15 timmar sedan

    From randomness or from designer??

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