The Strangest Aircraft Ever Built: The Soviet Union's VVA-14

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Thanks to Hangar B Productions for producing the incredible VVA-14 models used in this video, visit:

As an aircraft designer, physicist, astronomer, philosopher, painter and musician, Robert Bartini is often described as a genius ahead of his time. Throughout his life, he designed over 60 aircraft and made significant contributions to Soviet aviation. Although most of Bartini’s aircraft designs never left the drawing board, many of his aeronautical innovations were incorporated into production aircraft.

In 1965, Bartini was given a rare opportunity to realize the full potential of one of his concepts. With the emergence of American Polaris missile submarines, the Soviet Union needed a new kind of aircraft to respond. Bartini proposed building the ultimate submarine hunter. Designated as the VVA-14, it would be a truly unique and innovative aircraft. With a catamaran-like fuselage it would be optimized to fly within the ground effect (like other ekranoplan of the era), giving it endurance needed to fly long-range missions. It would also have wings so that it could fly like a conventional airplane if needed. Bartini would equip the VVA-14 with both a conventional landing gear for runways and a unique inflatable pontoon system to give it amphibious capabilities. Ten lift jets would allow for vertical take-off and landings (VTOL) from any kind of surface, giving the aircraft the ability to operate from the even most harsh and remote regions of the Soviet Union. Development would stretch nearly a decade, but like Bartini himself, the VVA-14’s design would end up being a little too ahead of it's time.

Select footage courtesy the AP Archive
AP Archive website: SE-one: and

Select imagery/video supplied by Getty Images:

Music used in this production (reproduced under license):

Intro Song: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 1: “Ambient Inspirational Documentary” -

Song 2: “Cold Mystery”-

Song 3: “Dark Horizons” -

Song 4: “A Dark Plot” -

Song 5: “Gladiator March ”-

Song 6: "Sweet Lo-Fi" -

Thanks for watching!


  1. Kaspo 108

    Kaspo 108

    28 minuter sedan

    Can you make a video about the X-15? Great video BTW

  2. Abhishek Sancheti

    Abhishek Sancheti

    57 minuter sedan

    The burly whorl unsurprisingly blush because kayak prognostically cry before a noxious volleyball. homeless, uppity door

  3. Arch Archer

    Arch Archer

    9 timmar sedan

    I remember back in the day I played Metal Gear Solid 3 Snake Eater on playstation 2 and I learned from that game what a ground effect vehicle was. I learned the concept there and then. Ah...good old times.

  4. Richard Smith

    Richard Smith

    10 timmar sedan

    The genius and creativity of the Russian people is unmatched. It is truely a shame their government is too corrupt and broke for any of it to become reality.

  5. Egor Amaturova

    Egor Amaturova

    11 timmar sedan

    Back when Aircraft industry is creative and outside the box. Now the aircraft industry is extremely lazy, with nothing exotic anymore, just all the same boring jets. I kinda think if the Soviet union didnt fall, there would more exotic stuff for us to see.

  6. Creative Engineer

    Creative Engineer

    11 timmar sedan

    I always wondered what that thing was but I only found on image of it. This video helps alot

  7. FatCatGotHot


    12 timmar sedan

    YES!! Just Yes! I was aware of the VVA-14 before, but never would have even hoped to find it on your channel. How cool ist that?!

  8. Mac


    14 timmar sedan

    The carrier version looks like something straight out of Command & Conquer. Very cool.

  9. HK's flight simulations

    HK's flight simulations

    16 timmar sedan

    Love ur content.

  10. Денис Ким

    Денис Ким

    20 timmar sedan

    Where is russian subtitles

  11. Owen Sanderson

    Owen Sanderson

    Dag sedan

    Can you do a video about the ilyushin il-76

  12. Wade Anderson

    Wade Anderson

    Dag sedan

    Bartini vs Waves... Waves win.

  13. Jason Lynch

    Jason Lynch

    Dag sedan

    big dummy, turbo jets you say? it says turbo fans on the drawing

  14. OrangeLeaf36


    Dag sedan

    Hey umm i just saw a video about United having supersonic planes on their fleet

  15. Iron Cross

    Iron Cross

    Dag sedan

    Good plane Comrade Bartini.



    Dag sedan

    One picture looked like a klyon bird of prey. Several years before star trek came out.👍👽

  17. Red


    2 dagar sedan

    Lookin like an x wing

  18. The Mэoиg

    The Mэoиg

    2 dagar sedan


  19. NightCoder


    2 dagar sedan

    It looks abandoned because they found alien eggs inside.

  20. Vince Abbott

    Vince Abbott

    2 dagar sedan

    Stunning documentary and awesome graphics, never even knew this plane existed, thanks for bringing it to my attention.

  21. Markus Puschert

    Markus Puschert

    2 dagar sedan

    Oh that´s where the plans for the Serenity are coming from ;) (And the Avengers giant flying thingy as well i guess gg)

  22. Matthew Trabue

    Matthew Trabue

    2 dagar sedan

    Love this aircraft! #1 for me!

  23. Christopher Sabo

    Christopher Sabo

    2 dagar sedan

    a version of this was designed for military use in the USSR some converted for civilian use. And a bunch are designed solely for civilian use. These vehicles are called ekranoplan. Some were literally designed to be super fast high speed armored troop carriers

  24. Massimo Anzon

    Massimo Anzon

    2 dagar sedan

    Roberto Oros di Bartini was an Italian Engineer from noble origin. He studied at the University "Regio Politecnico" in Milan, than escaped to the Soviet Union beacuse of his political persuasions.

  25. thousand points of light

    thousand points of light

    2 dagar sedan

    reminds me of planet Jupiter, Glory to King Zeus!

  26. Zenovarse


    2 dagar sedan

    Kirov reporting

  27. Avraham Baruch

    Avraham Baruch

    2 dagar sedan

    Unfortunately, genocidal thermonuclear WW3 is not too far away, please follow the latest news at "Countdown World News" page of RKK Book website. Humankind has been playing with nuclear fire since 1945, and the bottom line is, if we continue doing so, this fire will consume us one day. Now is the time to turn to God-given wisdom and make the only right step as it might be too late to do so tomorrow. We have responsibility to take a good care of our children and ensure they have a future.

  28. Lin Kuei Dragon

    Lin Kuei Dragon

    2 dagar sedan

    So no one is going to talk about how the channel name is literally 'Mustard'?

  29. control


    2 dagar sedan


  30. وليد الشواف

    وليد الشواف

    3 dagar sedan

    لا تضعوا الموسيقى لأنها حرام قال الله تعالى ((( ومن الناس من يشتري لهوا الحديث ليضل عن سبيل الله ))) .الأية. وقال النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم: (ليكونن من أمتي أقوام يستحلون الحِر والحرير والخمر والمعازف ). رواه البخاري معلقاً بصيغة الجزم . الواجب عدم وضعها

  31. 6インチ


    3 dagar sedan

    Looks like something out of halo

  32. T i

    T i

    3 dagar sedan

    not sure if someone else has made this correction but the word for crossing oceans is "traverse" not "transverse"

  33. dcoog anml

    dcoog anml

    3 dagar sedan

    -Do you want to engineer an airplane, an helicopter or a hovercraft? -DA.

  34. Max DZaster

    Max DZaster

    3 dagar sedan

    how can this plane be in METAL GEAR SOLID 3 finale escape .. kojima is f***king genius

  35. Gankatron 5000

    Gankatron 5000

    3 dagar sedan

    This video does highlight the double standards present in world politics, such as how the US took a hard line in 1962 against the Russian deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba within striking distance of the mainland, and yet what often gets left out of the bigger picture is that by 1961 the US not only had submarines armed with nuclear missiles surrounding their coastlines, but also deployed nuclear missiles in Turkey and Italy completely encircling Russia with nuclear strike capabilities.

    • dcoog anml

      dcoog anml

      3 dagar sedan

      Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate

  36. Burak Kartoflany

    Burak Kartoflany

    3 dagar sedan


  37. Happy Feet

    Happy Feet

    3 dagar sedan

    There is the rest of one of them at Monino museum in Moscow

  38. Rico Andrade

    Rico Andrade

    3 dagar sedan

    Incredible video. Production value is top!!

  39. RaDK012


    3 dagar sedan

    Bruh the american osprey could have done the same mission than this big thing

  40. Judd Hack

    Judd Hack

    3 dagar sedan

    Arghhh- metal gear....

  41. KingOfJustice


    3 dagar sedan

    Dang it I missed two episodes i really gotta sub

  42. Joachim Paulsen

    Joachim Paulsen

    3 dagar sedan

    The X-15 next

  43. Joachim Paulsen

    Joachim Paulsen

    3 dagar sedan

    Make a video about the XB-70 maybe?

  44. MrRickillo


    3 dagar sedan

    Good Lord! Why can I push the like button only once!?

  45. Mashiro Shiina

    Mashiro Shiina

    4 dagar sedan

    He was Just borned in a Wrong Country....

    • Ranko Orović

      Ranko Orović

      3 dagar sedan

      He was born in Italy.

  46. Tha R

    Tha R

    4 dagar sedan

    I didn't watch , just disliked video

  47. taln0reich


    4 dagar sedan

    I'm more interested in the civilian application mentioned, the cargo-ground-effect vehicle that has the load of a conventional cargo-ship and the speed of an aircraft. Just imagine what could be done with something like that.

  48. Gnomezonbacon


    4 dagar sedan

    This will put a smile on the faces of the enemy. They will think it's a huge robot dildo flying towards them.

  49. Sean D.G

    Sean D.G

    4 dagar sedan

    When the video starts and you mistake a pair of pontoons for a screw drive...

  50. eioshen boboi

    eioshen boboi

    4 dagar sedan

    Ground effect: exists Soviet Union: it's free real estate

  51. NRG


    4 dagar sedan

    Is this nile red? 🤔

  52. John Thomas

    John Thomas

    4 dagar sedan

    10/10 for pronouncing ‘Moscow’ correctly. 999999 Americans in 1000000 can’t do what you just did. Moss-🐄 indeed! There’s no wonder that the entire world thinks that folks from the US are slack-jawed knuckle-draggers.

  53. mags dunkl

    mags dunkl

    4 dagar sedan

    A comparison between the VVA-14 and the Ekranoplan would be nice

    • eioshen boboi

      eioshen boboi

      4 dagar sedan

      jet fighter

  54. Chese broger

    Chese broger

    4 dagar sedan

    looks like a metal slug boss tbh

  55. John B

    John B

    4 dagar sedan

    The first iteration of the hercules star lifter c2....

  56. Ian Graves

    Ian Graves

    4 dagar sedan

    He was of the same generation as Kelly Johnson who designed the Blackbird. Both these guys were so ahead of their time, that their designs still look futuristic some 60 years later.

  57. whiteandnerdytuba


    4 dagar sedan

    The second time you said spacecraft my eyes fell out since they couldn’t roll any further back. It looks like an airplane and flies like an airplane

  58. Mister sandwich

    Mister sandwich

    4 dagar sedan

    Captain rogers put it down

  59. Lynn O

    Lynn O

    4 dagar sedan

    Ekranoplan is the Leviathan and Bartini is the Chimera

  60. Vibing Cat

    Vibing Cat

    4 dagar sedan

    dat production quality tho

  61. thousand miles

    thousand miles

    4 dagar sedan

    Crash into the sea!

  62. Павел Федотов

    Павел Федотов

    4 dagar sedan

  63. Teh Wever

    Teh Wever

    4 dagar sedan

    Those visualisations required a bit of effort, bravo to the artists involved :)

  64. AqpleTV


    4 dagar sedan

    Aww, Mustard. Come on, man!

  65. gkool


    4 dagar sedan

    The only stat that counts about this bird... it did in fact do the Kessel Run in less than 12 parsecs ✨🌠

    • paul sharp

      paul sharp

      2 dagar sedan

      @gkool I love to educate. Thank you for giving me the opportunity :)

    • gkool


      4 dagar sedan

      @paul sharp thank you Sheldon

    • paul sharp

      paul sharp

      4 dagar sedan

      A parsec is a measure of distance not of time :)

  66. blind fredy

    blind fredy

    4 dagar sedan

    A man ahead of his time.

  67. MrPrajitura


    4 dagar sedan

    Hey Mustard. I got randomly suggested one of your videos and I've enjoyed pretty much all of them. Any chance you could do one on the Harrier? Probably the most iconic VTOL jet fighter

  68. dog guy

    dog guy

    4 dagar sedan

    Looks like fictional James Bond "moonraker 007"

  69. Jeroen Derks

    Jeroen Derks

    4 dagar sedan

    why 1 wing is longer then the other?

  70. Koharumi


    4 dagar sedan

    If this became real then we could of had speed carriers

  71. Фёдор Сусанин

    Фёдор Сусанин

    5 dagar sedan

    некоторые Советские руководители, сами обгадились от страха, что они могут создать. Поэтому и валили концепцию на корню.

  72. slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

    slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

    5 dagar sedan

    if this aircraft design that takes advantage of the ground effect is so good, why haven't they become widespread for civilian transportation and such?

    • slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

      slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

      4 dagar sedan

      @Ranko Orović well, yeah. otherwise I would not have asked. however, I only want a short list of the major problems. not all of the problems. and it would also be nice if you can post a link with to a detailed article

    • Ranko Orović

      Ranko Orović

      4 dagar sedan

      @slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght Are you really interested?

    • slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

      slkjvlkfsvnls dfhgdght

      4 dagar sedan

      @Ranko Orović ok, what are their problems?

    • Ranko Orović

      Ranko Orović

      4 dagar sedan

      Because they look good only on the drawing board,simulations and animations.The number off problems they have is incredible.

  73. Jack Nguyen

    Jack Nguyen

    5 dagar sedan

    It’s look like Virgin Galactic Spaceship

  74. Dalek 2150

    Dalek 2150

    5 dagar sedan

    Perhaps this man was inspiration for Gerry Anderson aircraft.

  75. Utkarsh Satish

    Utkarsh Satish

    5 dagar sedan

    Could you use ground effect on the clouds?

  76. NiLpIL


    5 dagar sedan

    Soviets goal in aircraft was single handedly functionality and not beauty

  77. NiLpIL


    5 dagar sedan

    This channel is a good example of what a real quality looks like. Amazing

  78. Apurva Mishra

    Apurva Mishra

    5 dagar sedan

    Where do you find this cool shit. Kudos !!

  79. Pit Fiend AOW

    Pit Fiend AOW

    5 dagar sedan


  80. Suit Banter

    Suit Banter

    5 dagar sedan

    I've never ben so happy and proud to see a video go viral. Godspeed Mustard

  81. German Roldán

    German Roldán

    5 dagar sedan

    I'm amazed by the beautiful and realistic graphics. Great work!

  82. Big Boss Heisenberg

    Big Boss Heisenberg

    5 dagar sedan

    Metal Gear Solid 3 anyone????

  83. Josef Gordon

    Josef Gordon

    5 dagar sedan

    Love these Cold War megaprojects. Forget about pushing the the envelope, everyone was trying to blow it up with a railgun.

  84. bluegreen voyager

    bluegreen voyager

    5 dagar sedan

    All I know is Eva flies Snake out of Tselinoyarsk in one of these WiGs just as the MiGs receive the RTB command. Then it was off to party all night... "Eva I need you!" -Snake

  85. SantaFe19484


    5 dagar sedan

    The Soviets really had wild imaginations!

  86. evilturnip


    5 dagar sedan

    Does anyone else think that the aircraft carrier looks like Thunderbird 2?

  87. LordAxe


    5 dagar sedan

    Bloody hell . Those Rooskies were aeronautical meisters. Love the grfx on these videos - amazing .

  88. Basic Player

    Basic Player

    5 dagar sedan

    This machine looks amazing! But it's kind of sad he died before he could make these..

    • Basic Player

      Basic Player

      5 dagar sedan

      But that might be a good thing.. Time does get messy if stuff does happen when it's not supposed to..

  89. EnergeticWaves


    5 dagar sedan

    looks like a sea turtle

  90. TELTOS


    5 dagar sedan

    это экраноплан. Какай нахер аиркрафт?

  91. Lanciarules


    5 dagar sedan

    Bartini was italian

  92. Panzer Of The Lake

    Panzer Of The Lake

    5 dagar sedan

    I rlly want to see a real one doe

  93. lekarz plagi

    lekarz plagi

    5 dagar sedan

    that is not that stupid

  94. Zuschauerquaeler


    5 dagar sedan

    actually the ground effect could make long distance solar airplanes possible

  95. Breeze


    5 dagar sedan

    Thats pretty cool.

  96. Scout339


    5 dagar sedan

    YESSS MORE GROUND EFFECT SHIPS. The engineer in me is very pleased.

  97. bw Danicic

    bw Danicic

    5 dagar sedan

    Kill NATO

  98. 성남할매순대국밥파마산가루관찰자


    5 dagar sedan

    지금도 수직이착륙이 어려운 기술임에도 저 설계사상은 가슴이 벅차오르게 만드네요